Mental health is not only about the absence of a mental disorder but also about the condition of emotional, psychological and social wellbeing, in which the individual shall live, relate others, work and feel satisfied by his personal achievements. Mental Health is related to biological factors such as the brain’s chemistry, life events such as trauma and genetics such as family history of a mental disorder.
Some of the Mental Disorders that the Medical Centre of Sexual Health is treating are:
Mood (Affective) Disorders:
They are a group of mental disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder, characterized by depressive or extremely euphoric mood or alternations between the two. Mood is the emotional experience of the external reality and affects thinking, the cognitive function, the behavior of an individual and its whole functionality. It’s the way a person perceives the world at all times. This disorder affects the functionality of the individual with consequences in different areas of a person’s life such as the professional, social, emotional and sexual life.
They are a group of mental disorders such as panic attacks, social phobia and generalized anxiety disorder, characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a concern about the events which are perceived as threatening and are about to happen in the future, while fear is a direct reaction to a stimuli that threatens the individual. Anxiety is accompanied by the excitation of the nervous system (stress response) and fear is accompanied by the muscle contraction while the individual is ready to “fight or flight”. These conditions affect every aspect of the emotional, occupational, social and sexual life.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:
It refers to a mental disorder and is characterized by obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are referred to as unwanted, repetitive and persistent thoughts or impulses that cause the individual intense anxiety or distress. Compulsions are referred to as repetitive behaviors imposed to the individual by himself, in order to neutralize the anxiety caused by obsessions. Compulsion can also be seen as avoidance of a situation that triggers obsessions. This disorder affects the functioning of the individual and is involved in a wide range of personal life such as the professional, social, emotional and sexual level. A strong correlation between obsession and depression has been found.
Personality is defined as the spiritual and emotional characteristics, as well as the behavior of an individual. Every one of us has a unique personality. People with diagnosed personality disorders, such as borderline, antisocial, narcissistic and schizotypal are characterized by maladaptive thinking, beliefs and stiffness about their behaviors. The three main domains affected by the disorder are personal, occupational and social life. They are usually accompanied by violence, antisocial behavior, depression, intense anxiety and brief psychotic episodes. The common features of personality disorders are the dysfunctional thinking and emotional reactions, problems with close relationships, failure to manage one’s impulses.
They are a group of disorders such as anorexia, bulimia and binge eating, characterized by a persistent dysregulation of the diet or the behavior related with food consumption. This dysregulation includes inadequate or excessive food intake followed by compensatory behaviors, such as purging and excessive exercise. These disorders affect the functioning of the individual and are involved in the general health status and a wide range of personal life such as the professional, social, emotional and sexual level.
They are a group of mental health disorders such as substances abuse, gambling and internet addiction, characterized by the repeated use of a substance or a behavior pattern in a way which leads to a compulsive reoccurrence, difficulty in voluntary abstaining from it and the individual is ready to do whatever it takes to reassure that it’s cravings are met. The addiction can be either physical (drug and alcohol abuse) or mental (internet addition, gambling). People with addictive disorders suffer from other mental disorders such as emotional disturbances and anxiety disorders. The effect of the addiction in the individual’s general health, personal, occupational, social and sexual life is enormous.
They are o group of serious mental health disorders such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective and brief psychotic disorder, which cause abnormal thinking and perception. They affect the cognitive functions, the emotion and the ability to communicate, understand reality and behave.
Hypersexuality it is defined as the intense preoccupation with sexual fantasies, urges and activities causing significant distress and impairment in the personal, occupational, and social life of the individual. The hypersexuality is expressed with compulsive masturbation, intercourse with multiple partners, reckless sexual behavior for the shelf and others and the inability to stop despite the consequences.
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